October 14, 2011 § Leave a comment
The following is the content of an email I have been trying unsuccessfully to email to a friend; I am posting it here so that she can see it.
As I mentioned on the phone, at present I have some teaching work. I am teaching a course on International Development at the Institute of Ismaili Studies. In this course I am giving a lecture on the relationship between migration and development, and because you mentioned you are doing some work on labour migration I thought it might be good to try to involve you in that class in some way. I wanted to do this because the students had asked if there could be guest lecturers with experience of working on the issues we are discussing in class.
The idea I had was that we could have a 20 minute skype call with you in which the students could ask you questions about labour migration and the work your organisation has been doing in relation to this, and you could respond to their questions. If we did this then you and I should talk further about the students’ background and requirements, so that you don’t go into it “blind”.
However, this isn’t the only way of involving you. Another possibility would be that you simply present a mini-lecture on the work your organisation has been doing with migrant labour. If we did it this way, you could prepare something and either present it “live” – e.g. through a phone call – or we could record your lecture as a digital audio file, and then I could play that file to the students. I think this might be a much easier way of doing it, because you could prepare what you want to say at your own convenience. Doing it this way would also remove the need for you to be available on the phone/skype at the time the class takes place: we could record the lecture beforehand, whenever is suitable for you.
As I said on the phone, if it is difficult for you to do the lecture this week, we can offer it to the students later in the course (i.e. at some later point in October or November) – so please do let me know if you would like to do this later rather than now.
Below I have included the reading list for the week we are discussing migration and development. I will send you soft copies of some of these readings if we can find a way for me to do so.
Thank you for considering doing this. Have a think about it, and let me know what you want to do.
Week 4: Migration and Development
Development is an explicitly spatial relationship on a global scale. At the heart of this relationship lie nation-states and their geographical boundaries, the policing of which is essential for the maintenance of the condition of uneven global development. This week – and following on explicitly from the world systems and underdevelopment theories explored in week 3 – we consider perspectives on the geography of development, with a special emphasis on borders, nationalism, statelessness, and territorialisation, exploring the relationship between development and space through the positing of critical questions about the world order in which development occurs. Is control over immigration intrinsically connected to the reproduction of global inequality? Why are immigrants and refugees created as a problem and in what sense do they threaten the “natural order of things?” How and when are borders more permeable to commodity and capital flows than they are to people? In what ways are immigration controls a new form of global apartheid?
This week’s lecture and required readings focus on two types of migration as they relate to development. The first type is migration from developing countries to developed, diasporas or ‘nations living in different places’ (Spencer 2004). Here a key point is how diasporas relate back to the ‘mother country’, and we will discuss the particular ways in which migration from developing world to developed has fuelled the growth of Faith-based Organisations (FBOs). The second type of migration is internal labour migration, and here our concern is with why it is that this is an issue largely neglected by state and non-state development interventions (Mosse et al. 2002; Mosse et al. 2005; Shah 2006).
“Migration is an invisible development issue.” Discuss with examples.
Merz, Barbara J., Lincoln C. Chen and Peter F. Geithner 2007. Overview: Diasporas and development. In Barbara J. Merz, Lincoln C. Chen and Peter F. Geithner eds. Diasporas and Development. London: Harvard University Press
Mosse, David, Sanjeev Gupta, Mona Mehta, Vidya Shah, Julia Rees and KRIBP Project Team 2002. Brokered Livelihoods: Debt, labour migration and development in Tribal Western India Journal of Development Studies 38: 5, 59-88
Shah, Alpa 2006. The Labour of Love: Seasonal migration from Jharkhand to the brick kilns of other states in India Contributions to Indian Sociology 40: 1
Anderson, Benedict 1983. Imagined Communities. New York: Verso
Arrighi, Giovanni. The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power, and the Origins of Our Times. London and New York: Verso
Balibar, Etienne and Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein 1991. Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities. London: Verso Press.
Binford, Leigh 2003. Migrant Remittances and (Under)Development in Mexico. Critique of Anthropology 23: 3, 305-336.
Bornstein, Avram S. 2002. Borders and the Utility of Violence: State Effects on the ‘Superexploitation’ of West Bank Palestinians. Critique of Anthropology 22: 2, 201-220.
Bowen, John 2010. Nothing to Fear: Misreading Islamic immigration in Europe Boston Review January/February, pp. 39-40
Bowen, John 2008. Europe. In Andrew Rippin, ed. The Muslim World, pp. 118-30. London, New York: Routledge
Bowen, John 2007. Why the French Don’t Like Headscarves: Islam, the State, and Public Space. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Breman, Jan 2009. The Great Transformation in the Setting of Asia, Address delivered on the occasion of the award of the degree Doctor Honoris Causa on the 57th Anniversary of the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands, 29 October 2009. Available online – google it.
Chock, Phyllis Pease 1994. Remaking and Unmaking “Citizen” in Policy-Making Talk about Immigration PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 17: 2, 45-56.
Dahbour, Omar and Micheline R. Ishay, eds. The Nationalism Reader New York: Humanity Books
Collinson, S. ed. 2003 Power, Livelihoods and Conflict: Case Studies in Political Economy Analysis for Humanitarian Action. HPG Report, No. 13 Overseas Development Institute, Londonhttp://www.odi.org.uk/hpg/publications.html#hpgreports
Crisp, J. (2001) ‘Mind the Gap! UNHCR, Humanitarian Assistance and the Development Process’ International Migration Review, Vol. 35:1, 168-191. [online]
Faist, T 2008. Migrants as transnational development agents: an inquiry into the newest round of the migration-development nexus Population, Space and Place 14: 21-42.
Fassin, Didier 2005. Compassion and Repression: The Moral Economy of Immigration Policies in France. Cultural Anthropology 20: 3, 362-387.
Gellner, Ernest 1983. Nations and Nationalism London: Blackwell
Good, Anthony 2004. Undoubtedly an Expert? Anthropologists in British Asylum Courts. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 10: 1, 113-133.
Goody, Jack 2006. The Theft of History. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Graeber, David 1995. The Globalization Movement: Some Points of Clarification. In Marc Edelman and Angelique Haugerud, eds. The Anthropology of Development and Globalization: From Classical Political Economy to Contemporary Neoliberalism New York: Blackwell.
Gupta, Akhil 1992 The Song of the Nonaligned World: Transnational Identities and the Reinscription of Space in Late Capitalism. Cultural Anthropology 7(1):63-79.
Gupta, Akhil and James Ferguson 1992 Beyond “Culture:” Space, Identity and the Politics of Difference. Cultural Anthropology 7(1):6-23.
Gardner, Katy and Filippo Osella 2004 Migration, modernity and social transformation in South Asia: An introduction. In Filippo Osella and Katy Gardner, eds. Migration, modernity and social transformation in South Asia London: Sage
de Genova, Nicholas P. 2002. Migrant “Illegality” and Deportability in Everyday Life. Annual Review of Anthropology 31:419-447.
Gorman, Robert F. ed. 1993. Refugee aid and development: theory and practice Westport, Conn., London: Greenwood
Gupta, Akhil and James Ferguson 1992. Beyond “Culture”: Space, Identity, and the Politics of Difference Cultural Anthropology 7: 1, 6-23
de Haan, Arjan and Ben Rogaly 2002. Introduction: Migrant Workers and Their Role in Rural Change, Journal of Development Studies 38: 5, 1-14
de Haas, H. 2005 International migration, remittances and development: myths and facts Third World Quarterly 26: 8, 1269-1284.
Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri 1994. Labour of Dionysus: A Critique of the State-Form. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.
Harrell-Bond, B. E. 2002. Can humanitarian work with refugees be humane Human Rights Quarterly 24: 51-85
Harrell-Bond, B.E. 1986. Imposing Aid: Emergency Assistance to Refugees Oxford: OUP. Available at http://www.geog.sussex.ac.uk/scmr/imposing_aid/
Hart, Keith 2006 The Globalisation of Apartheid. At The Memory Bank. http://tinyurl.com/oy66zx
Harvey, David 2003. Globalization and the Spatial Fix. Geographische Review 2:23-30.
Henry, L. and G. Mohan. 2003 Making homes: the Ghanaian diaspora, institutions and development Journal of International Development 15: 611-622.
Heyman, Josiah 1995. Putting Power in the Anthropology of Bureaucracy: The Immigration and Naturalisation Service at the Mexico-United States Border. Current Anthropology 36: 2, 261-287.
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Jacobsen, Karen 2005. The Economic Life of Refugees Kumarian Press, Bloomfield
Jessop, Bob 1990. State Theory: Putting Capitalist States in Their Place. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press
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